Constellation Information

Constellations

  • Andromeda Meaning: The Princess of Ethiopia, the Chained Woman Print out the star map from Free Star Charts Things to look for: The Andromeda Galaxy, M31, the most distant object visible with the naked eye; Almach (γ And) is a multiple star system with striking orange and blue brighter components. Messier objects: M31 Andromeda Galaxy M32 M110 Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: an draw’ meh ...
  • Aries   Meaning: The Ram Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: γ Arietis double star Messier objects: None Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: air’ eeze Associated Asterisms: The Northern Fly % of the sky: 1.07% Visible Stars: 28 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Aries sits quietly between Pisces, Perseus and Taurus bounded above by Triangulum and below by Cetus. It contains no Messier objects and ...
  • Auriga Meaning: The Charioteer Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Capella – 6th brightest star Messier objects: M36 M37 M38 Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: or eye’ guh Associated Asterisms: The Kids, the Winter Oval, the Winter Hexagon % of the sky: 1.59% Visible Stars: 47 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Auriga is quite high in the sky although not enough to be fully circumpolar from ...
  • Camelopardalis   Meaning: The Giraffe Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: IC342 The Hidden Galaxy Messier objects: None Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: kam uh low par’ dah liss Associated Asterisms: None % of the sky: 1.835 Visible Stars: 45 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Camelopardalis is The Giraffe and is surrounded by well known constellation such as Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Draco, Auriga, ...
  • Cancer   Meaning: The Crab Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Praesepe/ Beehive Cluster M44 Messier objects: M44 M67 Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: kan’ sir Associated Asterisms: The Asses and the Manger % of the sky: 1.23 Visible Stars: 23 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 The term ‘Tropic of Cancer’ is absed on this constellation but its original definition no longer applies due ...
  • Cassiopeia Meaning: The Queen of Ethiopia, the Seated Queen Print out the star map from Free Star Charts Things to look for: B Cas – Tycho’s Star was a supernova spotted in 1572. You’ll need an x-ray observatory! Nebulae in the vicinity of Navi Open Clusters other than the Messier ones Messier objects: M52 Open Cluster Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: kass ee ...
  • Cepheus   Meaning: The King of Ethiopia Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Herschel’s Garnet Star, μ Cep Messier objects: None Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: see’ fee us Associated Asterisms: None % of the sky: 1.43% Visible Stars: 57 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Cepheus is a medium sized constellation with a few surprises and is mostly overlooked. It is true it lacks any ...
  • Cetus Meaning: The Whale, the Sea Monster Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Mira, variable star NGC 1055 Messier objects: M77 Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: see’ tus Associated Asterisms: The Head % of the sky: 2.99% Visible Stars: 58 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Cetus, the Sea Monster or Whale, is a big constellation; it is the 4th biggest in the skies. Its ...
  • Cygnus Meaning: The Swan Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: The Milky Way NGC7000 North American Nebula NGC6826 Blinking Planetary Messier objects: M29 Open Cluster M39 Open Cluster Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: sig’ nus Associated Asterisms: The Summer Triangle, the Northern Cross % of the sky: 1.95% Visible Stars: 79 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Cygnus is usually associated with the Summer and one ...
  • Draco   Meaning: The Dragon Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Thuban – this used to be the North Star… in 2800BC Messier objects: None Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: dray’ koe Associated Asterisms: The Head, the Lozenge % of the sky: 2.63% Visible Stars: 79 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Draco, the Dragon is the eighth largest constellation and as many will not know ...
  • Eridanus   Meaning: The River Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Witch Head Nebula NGC1909   Messier objects: None Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: air uh day’ nus Associated Asterisms: None % of the sky: 2.76 Visible Stars: 79 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 You may have looked at Orion a thousand times and wondered at the brightness and composition of Betelgeuse and Rigel, but I ...
  • Gemini Meaning: The Twins Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Castor and its companion stars Messier objects: M35 Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: gem’ in eye Associated Asterisms: The Heavenly G, The Winter Octagon, The Winter Oval % of the sky: 1.245% Visible Stars: 47 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Gemini is known as the Twins and the two stars that represent this ...
  • Lacerta   Meaning: The Lizard Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: The little W Messier objects: None Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: luh sir’ tuh Associated Asterisms: The Little W % of the sky: 0.49% Visible Stars: 23 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Lacerta is a small faint constellation nestled tightly between Cygnus, Pegasus, Andromeda, Cepheus and Cassiopeia. It was original introduced by Johannes Hevelius ...
  • Lynx   Meaning: The Lynx Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: NGC2419 Globular Cluster Messier objects: None Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: links Associated Asterisms: None % of the sky: 1.32 Visible Stars: 31 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 The final (almost) circumpolar constellation visible to the UK covered in this journey round the sky is The Lynx. It is surrounded by Auriga, Camelopardalis, Cancer, ...
  • Monoceros   Meaning: The Unicorn Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Rosette Nebula NGC 2244 Plaskett’s Star Hubble’s Variable Nebula Christmas Tree Cluster NGC 2264 Messier objects: M50 Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: mon oss’ sir us Associated Asterisms: None % of the sky: 1.67 Visible Stars: 36 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Sitting quietly to the East of Orion is Monoceros, the Unicorn. It first appeared ...
  • Orion Meaning: The Hunter Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Betelgeuse Orion Nebula Horsehead Nebula Messier objects: M42 M43 M78 Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: or eye’ on Associated Asterisms: The Belt, The Butterfly, The Winter Triangle/Oval/Octagon, The Rake, The Sword, The Three Kings, Venus’ Mirror, % of the sky: 1.44% Visible Stars: 77 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Orion is the Winter classic. Visible ...
  • Pegasus Meaning: The Winged Horse Print out the star map from Free Star Charts Things to look for: Try to count the stars within the square to test your eyesight Messier objects: M15 Globular Cluster Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation:  peg’ ah sus Associated Asterisms: The Large Dipper, the Great Square % of the sky: 2.72% Visible Stars: 57 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Pegasus is a big object in Autumn ...
  • Perseus Meaning: The Hero, the founder of Mycenae Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: The Double Cluster; Messier objects: M34 Open Cluster M76 Little Dumbbell Nebula Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: pur’ see us Associated Asterisms: The Large Dipper % of the sky: 1.49% Visible Stars: 65 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Perseus is a circumpolar constellation from the UK and so is visible  throughout ...
  • Pisces Meaning: The Fishes Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: Uranus; Messier objects: M74 Phantom Galaxy Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: pie’ seez Associated Asterisms: The Circlet % of the sky: 2.16% Visible Stars: 50 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Pisces is the 14th largest constellation and contains both the 0hr line of Right Ascension and 0deg of Declination. This is because when setting ...
  • Taurus Meaning: The Bull Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: The Hyades; The Pleiades; Messier objects: M1 Crab Nebula M45 Pleiades Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: tor’ us Associated Asterisms: The Hyades, The V, The Winter Oval % of the sky: 1.93% Visible Stars: 98 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Taurus is a very distinctive constellation rising in late evening in Autumn. The centre of the ...
  • Triangulum Meaning: The Triangle Print out the star map from Sky and Telescope Things to look for: M33 Triangulum Galaxy Messier objects: M33 Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: try ang’ yoo lum Associated Asterisms: None % of the sky: 0.32% Visible Stars: 12 stars brighter than magnitude 5.5 Triangulum sits in a small area bounded by Andromeda, Aries, Perseus and Pisces. It is a small constellation ranking 78th in the ...
  • Ursa Major Meaning: The Great Bear Print out the star map from Free Star Charts Things to look for: Mizar/Alcor double Ursid Meteor Shower 22nd Dec Messier objects: M40 Double Star Note: indicates visual magnitude Pronunciation: er’ suh may’ jor Associated Asterisms: The Big Dipper, The Plough, The Saucepan % of ...